See Also: Main_Page - Transact SQL Code Library - Index Performance Tuning

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Missing Indexes

This query returns indexes that SQL Server 2005 (and higher) thinks are missing since the last restart. The "Impact" column is relative to the time of last restart and how bad SQL Server needs the index. 10 million+ is high.

Use this only as a guide - remember that SQL Server isn't considering the impact of too many indexes on a high-write table. If a table has too many indexes, then insert/update/delete activity will slow down.

Column order for key columns may be off. Generally, the most selective columns come first.

The Included column order does not matter.

Tutorial Video

In this short tutorial video, Brent Ozar explains how to use the code to tune your environment. http://tutorials.sqlserverpedia.com/SQLServerPedia-20090330-IndexTuning3.flv

T-SQL Code

SELECT  sys.objects.name
, (avg_total_user_cost * avg_user_impact) * (user_seeks + user_scans) AS Impact
,  'CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX ix_IndexName ON ' + sys.objects.name COLLATE DATABASE_DEFAULT + ' ( ' + IsNull(mid.equality_columns, ) + CASE WHEN mid.inequality_columns IS NULL 

               THEN   
   ELSE CASE WHEN mid.equality_columns IS NULL 
                   THEN   
       ELSE ',' END + mid.inequality_columns END + ' ) ' + CASE WHEN mid.included_columns IS NULL 
               THEN   
   ELSE 'INCLUDE (' + mid.included_columns + ')' END + ';' AS CreateIndexStatement

, mid.equality_columns
, mid.inequality_columns
, mid.included_columns 

   FROM sys.dm_db_missing_index_group_stats AS migs 
           INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_groups AS mig ON migs.group_handle = mig.index_group_handle 
           INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_details AS mid ON mig.index_handle = mid.index_handle AND mid.database_id = DB_ID() 
           INNER JOIN sys.objects WITH (nolock) ON mid.OBJECT_ID = sys.objects.OBJECT_ID 
   WHERE     (migs.group_handle IN 
       ( 
       SELECT     TOP (500) group_handle 
           FROM          sys.dm_db_missing_index_group_stats WITH (nolock) 
           ORDER BY (avg_total_user_cost * avg_user_impact) * (user_seeks + user_scans) DESC))  
       AND OBJECTPROPERTY(sys.objects.OBJECT_ID, 'isusertable')=1 
   ORDER BY 2 DESC , 3 DESC 

Query Test Checklist

  • Works on SQL Server 2008: Yes
  • Works on SQL Server 2005: Yes
  • Works on SQL Server 2000: No - unfortunately, there's no way to gather this data for SQL Server 2000.
  • Works on Standard Edition: Yes
  • Works on case-sensitive servers: Yes

SQLServerPedia Fan Contribution

I really found Brent's tutorial helpful in tuning my SQL Server indexes. SQL 2005/2008 DMVs are an awesome tool for the SQL DBA. Below is my modified version of Brent's original query. It exposes the full table path so it's easier to identify which database the index recommendation is for. As Brent stated above, consider the impact of the additional indexes before applying. I've found it best to allow about 30 - 60 minutes before adding or removing indexes based on DMV recommendations.

-- Clayton Kramer, 2009-04-09

Modified T-SQL Code

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Title:	FindMissingIndexes
-- Author:	Brent Ozar
-- Date:	2009-04-01 
-- Modified By: Clayton Kramer <ckramer.kramer @ gmail.com>
-- Description: This query returns indexes that SQL Server 2005 
-- (and higher) thinks are missing since the last restart. The 
-- "Impact" column is relative to the time of last restart and how 
-- bad SQL Server needs the index. 10 million+ is high.
-- Changes: Updated to expose full table name. This makes it easier
-- to identify which database needs an index. Modified the 
-- CreateIndexStatement to use the full table path and include the
-- equality/inequality columns for easier identifcation.

 */
SELECT  
	[Impact] = (avg_total_user_cost * avg_user_impact) * (user_seeks + user_scans),  
	[Table] = [statement],
	[CreateIndexStatement] = 'CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX ix_' 
		+ sys.objects.name COLLATE DATABASE_DEFAULT 
		+ '_' 
		+ REPLACE(REPLACE(REPLACE(ISNULL(mid.equality_columns,)+ISNULL(mid.inequality_columns,), '[', ), ']',), ', ','_')
		+ ' ON ' 
		+ [statement] 
		+ ' ( ' + IsNull(mid.equality_columns, ) 
		+ CASE WHEN mid.inequality_columns IS NULL THEN  ELSE 
			CASE WHEN mid.equality_columns IS NULL THEN  ELSE ',' END 
		+ mid.inequality_columns END + ' ) ' 
		+ CASE WHEN mid.included_columns IS NULL THEN  ELSE 'INCLUDE (' + mid.included_columns + ')' END 
		+ ';', 
	mid.equality_columns,
	mid.inequality_columns,
	mid.included_columns
FROM sys.dm_db_missing_index_group_stats AS migs 
	INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_groups AS mig ON migs.group_handle = mig.index_group_handle 
	INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_details AS mid ON mig.index_handle = mid.index_handle 
	INNER JOIN sys.objects WITH (nolock) ON mid.OBJECT_ID = sys.objects.OBJECT_ID 
WHERE (migs.group_handle IN 
		(SELECT TOP (500) group_handle 
		FROM sys.dm_db_missing_index_group_stats WITH (nolock) 
		ORDER BY (avg_total_user_cost * avg_user_impact) * (user_seeks + user_scans) DESC))  
	AND OBJECTPROPERTY(sys.objects.OBJECT_ID, 'isusertable') = 1 
ORDER BY [Impact] DESC , [CreateIndexStatement] DESC